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2005.07.08

お盆に焚くもの

まもなくお盆ですね。
・・・と言うと、「え?お盆て来月じゃないの???」って思う方も多いかと思いますが、東京ではお盆は7月15日が中日になるんです。
今年は東京が7月13日~16日、他のところは8月13日~16日かな。

こういうズレが起きたのは、当然新暦になってからです。

本来は旧暦の7月15日がお盆だったのですが、東京の場合、一説には「天皇のお膝元だから、政府の決めた新暦に従おうという意識が強かった」というのがあります。

しかし、多くの地方では、先祖を供養する大切な儀式の日をそう簡単にずらすことはできないし、新暦の7月は農繁期にもあたるため、多くの地方は今でも旧暦の7月(今の8月)にお盆があるんですね。
また、東京には他の地方から来た人が多いので、日程がずれていれば東京と故郷、どちらかを粗相しない済む、なんて話もありますね~、うちなんかモロそんな感じです。

新暦への切り替えは、強引な西洋化であるとして非難されることも多いのですが、ことお盆に関しては、新暦に従ったのはほんの一部の地域だった、ということでしょうか。

お盆の時期には各地で盆踊りなどのお祭りが開催されます。
「大文字送り火」や「精霊流し」、あるいは「阿波踊り」なんかもお盆の行事ですね。

これらは大勢の人が参加する一大イベントなんですが、各家庭でも迎え火、送り火をたいて先祖を供養します。

埼玉にある母の実家は、農家で茅葺きの家(今でも!)なので、居間に大きな精霊棚(1坪くらいありました)を作って、動物をかたどった茄子やキュウリを飾り、「天照大神!」とか書いた掛け軸なんかをさげ、先祖代々の位牌をずらりと並べていました。
余談ですが、私はこれを「てんてるだいじん」と読んで、みんなから大笑いされたことがあります(大汗)。

オシャレな作りの一般家庭ではなかなかそこまではできませんから、庭先や玄関で火を焚くことが多いですね。
東京では「おから」という芋殻を焙烙(素焼きのお皿)の上で燃やします。
近所の花屋さんでもお盆用品の準備が始まっていました。

ところで、ダンナ様の実家の釜石ですが。
こちらは松の木を焚くんだそうです。

あー、私はこれ、初めてみました。
最初お店で見たときは「なんでこんな木っ端をこんな法外な値段で売るんだ?」って思っちゃいました(笑)。
これを地面に直接置いて燃やすみたいです。
地方によっても、送り火・迎え火に使う材料?が変わってくるんですね。

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コメント

 伊豆のお盆は、7月末あたりです。
ですので、会社の夏休みは月末→8月初と、
8月15日あたりの2回に分かれています。

 地元の人用と他県出身者用という訳です
ね。妙に分割されているので、長期休みに
ならないのが、難点です。

 今すごい雨です。梅雨最後の大雨
かな。これが止めばいよいよ夏本番
でしょうか。
 


投稿: つ一とん | 2005.07.09 21:52

>つ一とんさん
えっ!伊豆のお盆は七月下旬なんですか??
それは珍しいですねえ~~。

もしかして観光事業を営んでる人が多いから
一般的なお盆の時期とずらしたのかしら?
たしかに2回休めるのはいいけど
飛び石になっちゃって遠出しにくいですね~。

>> 今すごい雨です。

こちらも、同じ頃、すごい降りでしたよ。
ちょっと怖いくらいでした、つ一とんさんのお宅の方は大丈夫でしたか?
翌日の日曜は、うって変わって暑くなったので
梅雨明けかっ!と思ったら、そうでもなかったようです・・・。

投稿: しのぶ | 2005.07.11 01:18

松の木は、初めてです。
お盆行事もなんだか、色々あって面白いですよね。
・・・って事でTBさせて頂きました(^^)v

投稿: 檬花。 | 2005.07.11 23:22

>檬花。さん
ね~、松の木って珍しいですよね~~~。
私の親戚(高崎の人)なんかは、裏山で刈ってきた(笑)薪を燃やしてましたけど
あれは農家だからだったのかしら?
まあ、何を燃やそうと、火をたいてお迎えすることに意義があるので
気持ちさえこもっていれば何でもいいんでしょうね~。

この夏の帰省のときにでも、また確かめてみたいと思います~。

投稿: しのぶ | 2005.07.12 20:14

 うちのあたりも、松の木ですね。
 でも、各家庭で焚きません。近所の山の中腹で、字の形に積み上げて焚いてる人がいるようです。

投稿: 南郷力丸 | 2005.07.17 02:06

>南郷さん
蟷螂山は今年も元気でしょうか、
というより、何がすごいって人の山が一番すごい・・・。

字の形に積み上げてるのって、あれって松の木だったんですか?
1枚いくらとかで名前書いてくれるんでしたっけ?
すっげえ黒煙が出ないのかな。

去年のお盆で、お墓の敷地内にあった石の上で燃やしたら
石がヤニとススで真っ黒になっちゃって、ちょっとビビりました。
あれ、洗剤とか使わないとなかなか落ちない気がする・・・・。

投稿: しのぶ | 2005.07.17 05:32

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受信: 2005.07.10 21:26

» うちのお盆 [キノミキノママ]
そして、写真の様な、お盆グッズ(?)を発見。 [続きを読む]

受信: 2005.07.11 23:15

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